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Sexual Orientation Policy Tally

The term “sexual orientation” is loosely defined as a person’s pattern of romantic or sexual attraction to people of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or more than one sex or gender. Laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation primarily protect or harm lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. That said, transgender people who are lesbian, gay or bisexual can be affected by laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation.

Gender Identity Policy Tally

“Gender identity” is a person’s deeply-felt inner sense of being male, female, or something else or in-between. “Gender expression” refers to a person’s characteristics and behaviors such as appearance, dress, mannerisms and speech patterns that can be described as masculine, feminine, or something else. Gender identity and expression are independent of sexual orientation, and transgender people may identify as heterosexual, lesbian, gay or bisexual. Laws that explicitly mention “gender identity” or “gender identity and expression” primarily protect or harm transgender people. These laws also can apply to people who are not transgender, but whose sense of gender or manner of dress does not adhere to gender stereotypes.

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Michigan's Equality Profile

Quick Facts About Michigan

Total State Population:

9,995,915

Total Adult Population:

7,831,247

Total LGBT Adult Population:

313,250

LGBT % of State Adult Population:

4%

% of LGBT Individuals Raising Children:

31%

Michigan's LGBT Policy Tally

Sexual Orientation
Policy Tally:7.5/20
Gender Identity
Policy Tally:6.75/20.5
Overall Tally:14.25/40.5
View Methodology/More Information
See how Michigan compares to the rest of the country on the Snapshot page.

Michigan's LGBT Laws and Policies

Click on each issue for more information and to see where the state fits into the national landscape.

Key
  • State has this law Indicates state law or policy
  • State has this law Indicates local laws or policies and/or partial law
  • State does not have this law Indicates no law or policy
  • Enumeration not applicable
Relationship and Parental Recognition Sexual Orientation Gender Identity
Law Exists? Tally Law Exists? Tally
As a result of the 2015 U.S. Supreme Court decision in Obergefell, same-sex couples can marry nationwide and states must extend all the rights and benefits of marriage to same-sex couples. As a result, the following benefits are available to all married same-sex couples on the same basis they are available to married different-sex couples:

Marriage for Same-Sex Couples
Medical Decision-Making Authority for Married Same-Sex Couples
Stepparent Adoption for Married Same-Sex Couples
Joint Adoption for Married Same-Sex Couples

1/1
State Family Leave Laws Covering Same-Sex Couples 0/1
State Family Leave Laws Allowing Workers to Care for Children
They Are Raising
0/1
Second-Parent Adoption for Same-Sex Parents 0.5/1
Adoption Non-Discrimination Protections for LGBT Parents 1/1 1/1
Foster Care Non-Discrimination Protections for LGBT Parents 1/1 1/1
Recognition for Parents Using Assisted Reproduction 0.5/1
Legal Recognition of De Facto Parents 0/1
Subtotal 4/8 2/2
Relationship and Parental RecognitionTotal 6/10
Non-Discrimination Laws Sexual Orientation Gender Identity
Law Exists? Tally Law Exists? Tally
Employment Non-Discrimination Laws* 0.75/1 0.75/1
Housing Non-Discrimination Laws* 0.75/1 0.75/1
Public Accommodations Non-Discrimination Laws* 0.75/1 0.75/1
Credit and Lending Non-Discrimination Laws 0/1 0/1
Non-Discrimination Policies for State Employees 0.5/0.5 0.5/0.5
Negative Law: State Bans Cities and Counties from Passing Non-Discrimination Laws No Negative Law 0/-0.5 No Negative Law 0/-0.5
Subtotal 2.75/4.5 2.75/4.5
Non-Discrimination Total 5.5/9
*If state lacks statewide law, tally looks at local non-discrimination ordinances in employment, housing, and public accommodations and provides partial points based on percent of LGBT population covered by local laws.
Religious Exemption Laws Sexual Orientation Gender Identity
Law Exists? Tally Law Exists? Tally
Negative Law: Broad Constitutional or Statutory Religious Exemption Law No Negative Law 0/-0.25 No Negative Law 0/-0.25
Negative Law: Targeted Religious Exemption for Child Welfare Services NEGATIVE LAW -0.25/-0.25 NEGATIVE LAW -0.25/-0.25
Negative Law: Targeted Religious Exemption for Private Wedding Services No Negative Law 0/-0.25
Negative Law: Targeted Religious Exemption for Medical Professionals No Negative Law 0/-0.25 No Negative Law 0/-0.25
Negative Law: Targeted Religious Exemption for State and Local Officials Providing Marriage Licenses No Negative Law 0/-0.25
Subtotal -0.25/-1.25 -0.25/-0.75
Religious Exemption Laws Total -0.5/-2
Criminal Justice Laws and Policies Sexual Orientation Gender Identity
Law Exists? Tally Law Exists? Tally
Hate Crime Law Covering LGBT People 0/1 0/1
Bans on Panic Defense 0/1 0/1
Negative Law: State Criminalizes Exposure to and/or Transmission of HIV NEGATIVE LAW -0.5/-0.5 NEGATIVE LAW -0.5/-0.5
Subtotal -0.5/2 -0.5/2
Criminal Justice Total -1/4
Ability for Transgender People to Correct
Name and Gender Marker on Identity Documents
Sexual Orientation Gender Identity
Law Exists? Tally Law Exists? Tally
Driver's Licenses: Process to Change Gender Marker 0.25/1
Driver's Licenses: Gender Neutral Options 0/1
Birth Certificates NEGATIVE LAW -1/1
Name Change 0/1
Subtotal -0.75/4
Identity Documents Total -0.75/4
Grand Totals Sexual Orientation
Policy Tally
Gender Identity
Policy Tally
Overall Tally
Totals 7.5/20 6.75/20.5 14.25/40.5
Ratings MEDIUM MEDIUM MEDIUM

Local Nondiscrimination Ordinances

Sexual Orientation

22%

of population
fully protected

2%

of population only
partially
protected

    Legend

  • State
    Protections
  • County
    Protections
  • City
    Protections
  • No
    Protections
  • NDOs
    Banned

County map only shows areas with full protections for sexual orientation (i.e., discrimination prohibited in private employment, housing, and public accommodations)


City and County Numbers:

0 counties out of 83 have an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation in private employment, housing, and public accommodations (full protections).

45 cities have an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation in private employment, housing, and public accommodations (full protections).

6 municipalities, not including those listed above, have an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation in private employment, housing, or public accommodations (only partial protections). See table below.

22% of the state population is protected against discrimination based on sexual orientation in private employment, housing, and public accommodations (full protections).

An additional 2% of the state population is protected against discrimination based on sexual orientation in private employment, housing, or public accommodations (only partial protections).

Gender Identity

22%

of population
fully protected

<1%

of population only
partially
protected

    Legend

  • State
    Protections
  • County
    Protections
  • City
    Protections
  • No
    Protections
  • NDOs
    Banned

County map only shows areas with full protections for gender identity (i.e., discrimination prohibited in private employment, housing, and public accommodations)


City and County Numbers:

0 counties out of 83 have an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity in private employment, housing, and public accommodations (full protections).

44 cities have an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity in private employment, housing, and public accommodations (full protections).

1 municipality, not including those listed above, has an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity in private employment, housing, or public accommodations (only partial protections). See table below.

22% of the state population is protected against discrimination based on gender identity in private employment, housing, and public accommodations (full protections).

An additional <1% of the state population is protected against discrimination based on gender identity in private employment, housing, or public accommodations (only partial protections).

City and County Listing:

Fully inclusive
SO/GI protections
Local Sexual Orientation Protections Local Gender Identity Protections
Employment Housing Public Accom. Employment Housing Public Accom.
Adrian
Albion
Ann Arbor
Battle Creek
Bay City
Birmingham
Cadillac
Canton Township
Chelsea
Delhi Township
Delta Township
Detroit
Douglas
East Grand Rapids
East Lansing
Eaton Rapids
Farmington Hills
Fenton
Ferndale
Flint
Grand Rapids
Hancock
Howell
Huntington Woods
Jackson
Kalamazoo
Kalamazoo Township
Lake Orion
Lansing
Lansing Township
Lathrup Village
Linden
Marquette
Meridian Township
Mount Pleasant
Oshtemo Township
Pleasant Ridge
Portage
Royal Oak
Saginaw
Saline
Saugatuck
Saugatuck Township
Southfield
St. Joseph
Traverse City
Trenton
Union Township
Wayland
Westland
Ypsilanti

- Local ordinance does not provide this protection, but county/state does

- Local ordinance provides this protection

NOTE: Only jurisdictions with ordinances that prohibit discrimination in private employment are listed. Other localities may have executive orders that apply to government employees and these are not listed. The level of enforcement of these ordinances may vary by jurisdiction. This information is constantly changing, and we welcome suggestions for additions or changes. For questions regarding ordinances or any other aspect of the state profile, please contact MAP at info@lgbtmap.org.

This data was collected in collaboration with the Equality Federation, Equality Michigan, and Equality Michigan and is maintained by MAP.


Local Conversion Therapy Ordinances

Conversion Therapy Bans

1%

of population
protected

    Legend

  • State
    Protections
  • County
    Protections
  • City
    Protections
  • No
    Protections
  • NDOs
    Banned

City and County Numbers:

0 counties out of 83 have an ordinance prohibiting conversion therapy for minors.

3 cities have an ordinance prohibiting conversion therapy for minors.


City and County Listing:

  • East Lansing
  • Ferndale
  • Huntington Woods

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